Section 7401 of Reference (q) (also known as “the Clean Air Act of 1990”) requires certain substances that have destructive effects on the ozone layer (including CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform and hydro CFCs (HCFCs)) not be vented to the environment and be phased out from production over an extended period of time as described for class I and class II Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS).
Refrigerants, halons, and ODS recovery cylinders required by the Reserve will not be turned in to the DLA Disposition Services sites.
Transferring excess refrigeration equipment and appliances containing refrigerants (e.g., enameled white goods such as household refrigerators, room air conditioners, water coolers) and other refrigeration equipment eligible for RTD, will be accomplished through the use of a MOU between DLA Disposition Services and the generating activity to define responsibilities and ensure certified equipment and technician recovery of the refrigerants if the property fails RTD.
Major categories of refrigeration equipment regulated for safe disposal
- Household Refrigeration: Refrigerators and freezers – intended primarily for household use though they may be used outside the home (e.g., offices).
- Other Refrigerated Appliances: Dehumidifiers; vending machines; ice makers; water coolers.
- Residential Air Conditioning. Window units; packaged terminal air conditioners; central air conditioners; light commercial air conditioners; heat pumps.
- Retail Food. Small reach-in refrigerators and freezers; refrigerated display cases; walk-in coolers and freezers; large parallel rack systems.
- Laboratory Refrigeration. Excludes Controlled Lab Equipment.
- Transportation Refrigeration. Refrigerated ship holds; truck trailers; railway freight cars; other shipping containers.
- Commercial Comfort Air Conditioning. Centrifugal chillers; reciprocating chillers; screw chiller.
- Cold Storage Warehouses.
- Industrial Process Refrigeration. Industrial ice machines; ice rinks.
- Military Equipment. The final rule does not apply to devices containing and using refrigerants that are designed for and used solely in a military application, unless their system of parts in that equipment is identical to equipment used for household or commercial purposes.
Usable or Serviceable Property
Generating activities should not remove the refrigerant from usable or serviceable refrigeration property. The DTID and the property will be marked and labeled with the words “NOTICE: Contains Refrigerant. Refrigerants must be recovered before final disposal of this item.” for inventory and storage purposes. These items will be processed as normal receipts with the refrigerants intact and will be processed by the DLA Disposition Services site.
If the usable and serviceable property fails RTD and is processed to final disposal (scrap or landfill), DLA Disposition Services site will ensure the generating activity’s removal and recovery of the ODS from the property prior to final disposal.
Additionally, DLA will ensure that a signed and dated statement of refrigerant removal is provided by the generating activity giving the information listed. The generating activity, upon notification by DLA Disposition Services site, has the responsibility of funding and ensuring that the refrigerant is removed or recovered from the property prior to going to scrap or a landfill. The DLA Disposition Services site will downgrade the property to scrap once the signed removal certificate has been received
Unserviceable and Scrap
Generating activities will remove or recover refrigerants prior to transferring unserviceable or scrap refrigeration equipment to a DLA Disposition Services site.
The EPA considers compressors an “appliance,” so if the compressor is removed from a refrigerator, the compressor itself becomes an appliance and the refrigerant must be removed from the compressor.
A label will be attached to the property, for inventory and storage purposes, to indicate the refrigerant has been removed or recovered prior to turn-in as unserviceable or scrap. The label will contain the statement: “NOTICE: All refrigerants have been removed from this item in accordance with 40 CFR 82.156(f). Supporting documentation is on file.”